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建筑工程力学中钢架结构和排架结构

发布时间:2015-8-29 9:20:19 浏览次数:1613



刚架也就是在排架柱方向通过设置联系梁或桁架的方式使排架柱方向形成可以抵抗纵向力下变形的刚框架(局部开间或连续开间),具体做法可采用实腹联系梁或格构桁架——根据可设置高度选用,关键要和排架柱形成刚性连接以传递弯矩。当然采用这种形式要注意钢柱的双向受力计算。另外还可以采用门式柱间支撑啊,可以留出工艺空间,还能对柱平面外予以加强。

 
门式钢架体系,已广泛应用于工业厂房、机场车库、体育场馆、仓库、购物中心等工业与民用建筑。
 

由于科技之发展及钢材品质之进步,钢结构之重要性被先进国家所肯定,在欧洲、美洲、日本、台湾等地,厂房之兴建全部采用钢结构。而在一些先进城市,大楼、桥梁、大型公共工程,亦多采用钢结构建筑。最近10年,在美国,大约70%的非民居和两层及以下的建筑均采用了轻钢刚架体系。



Frame in the direction of the bent frame column by setting the link beam or truss can resist longitudinal force formed by the bent frame column direction deformation of just framework (local studio or continuous studio), specific practices can use solid web link beam or lattice truss, choose according to the height of can be set up, the key to and bent frame column form rigid connection with passing moment. Of course use this form to pay attention to the stress calculation of steel column. Also can adopt gantry column between support ah, you can set aside space technology, also can to strengthen column outside the plane.

Door frame system, has been widely used in industrial workshop, airport, garage, sports venues, warehouses, shopping center and other industrial and civil construction.

Due to the development of science and technology progress and quality of steel, steel structure of the importance of affirmation by the advanced countries, in Europe, America, Japan, Taiwan and other places, are all made of the steel structure workshop of built. And in some advanced cities, buildings, Bridges, large public engineering, also use steel structure building more. In recent 10 years, in the United States, about 70% of the houses and buildings are under layer and two adopted light steel frame system.



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