房屋建筑结构的组成及分类有哪些？发布时间：2015-9-1 10:00:33 浏览次数:614
(a) the structure of the building
Building structures are usually made of foundation, the main wall, bearing column, floor roof structures.
(2) the classification of building structure:
According to the materials used in the building structure is divided into:
The structure of the steel structure, give priority to with steel production; The structure of the wood - is given priority to with lumber production; Masonry structure (brick) - to block (brick, stone and all kinds of precast block) combined with mortar and structure; - concrete structure is given priority to with concrete (reinforced concrete and prestressed concrete) the structure of production.
By building the type of bearing structure is divided into:
Brick structure, the vertical bearing component is given priority to with brick wall, brick column, horizontal bearing component is given priority to with reinforced concrete beam and plate components. As the existing multi-story brick residential building is such structure; Brick structure, the vertical bearing component is given priority to with brick wall, brick column (or upon), horizontal bearing component (GeShan floor beams and floor, floor), and the structure of the roof structure is given priority to with wood; Frame structure, by vertical bearing component "column" and level bearing component (longitudinal beam, beam) connection into a whole plane or space, single or multi-layer structure; Frame shear wall structure, the appropriate placement of the longitudinal and lateral direction of frame structure, in to add a few wall of reinforced concrete column and column, used to bear the horizontal shear under seismic load and wind load; Shear wall structure - a structure composed of vertical and horizontal to the reinforced concrete wall, the wall except to resist horizontal seismic action and vertical load, also plays a role of the palisade and separated for housing. Tube structure, lateral stiffness of reinforced concrete walls with large like a drum structure system, the open hole in the wall of call hollow tube or casing tube, in order to build more high-rise buildings available tube in tube structure.