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低层、多层建筑钢结构和轻钢结构

发布时间:2015-9-11 9:21:18 浏览次数:539
 美国金属建筑的主要市场分布:工业(生产用厂房、仓库及辅助设施等)、商业(商场、旅馆、展览馆、医院、办公大楼等)、社区(私有及公有社区活动中心及建筑如学校、体育馆、图书馆;、教堂等)、综合等方面,分别占到46%、31%、14%和9%的份额。
    在美国,低层建筑中采用钢结构还是很普遍的。美国钢结构学会和金属房屋制造协会联合编制了低层建筑的设计指南。所谓低层建筑是指层高低于18m,层数不超过5层的工业厂房、仓库、办公室及其他的办公和社区建筑等,其中两层以下的非居住用楼房建筑占70%。

    轻钢建筑在一些发达国家已被广泛应用于工厂、仓库、体育馆、展览馆、超市等建筑。所谓轻钢是指以彩钢板作为屋面和墙面,以薄壁型钢作檩条和圈梁,以焊接“H”;型截面做主与梁,现场用螺栓或焊接拼接的门式刚架为主要结构的一种建筑,再配以零件、扣件、门窗等形成比较完善的建筑体系,即轻钢结构体系。这种体系由工厂制作,现场按要求拼装形成。具有自重轻,建设周期短,适应性强,外表美观,造价低,易维护等特点。由于自重轻,也降低了基础的造价。国外轻钢结构厂商如 Butler、BHP、ABC等都已经进入了中国市场,我国企业应奋起直追,创造条件积极发展我国自己的轻钢结构体系,以适应今后我国建筑钢结构不断发展的要求。


Metal construction of major U.S. market distribution: industrial production workshop, warehouse and auxiliary equipment, etc.), commercial (stores, hotels, exhibition hall, hospitals, office buildings, etc.), community (private and public community center and buildings such as schools, gymnasium, library;, church, etc.), comprehensive, etc., were accounted for 46%, 46%, 14% and 9%.

In the United States, in low-rise buildings with steel structure is very common. The American institute of steel structure and the metal building manufactures association jointly compiled the low-rise buildings design guidelines. Low-rise buildings refers to the height less than 18 m, layer number of no more than 5 layers of industrial workshop, warehouse, office and other office and community building and so on, the following two layer of non-residential buildings account for 70%.

Light steel construction in some developed countries has been widely used in factory, warehouse, gymnasium, exhibition hall, supermarket, etc. The so-called light steel refers to choi steel as roof and wall, with thin-walled steel purlin and ring beam, welding "H"; Type section in charge and the scene of the beam, bolted or welded splice of portal rigid frame as the main structure of a building, combined with parts, fasteners, door to wait to form more perfect construction system, namely the light steel structure system. This system produced by the factory, on-site assembly form as required. Has the advantage of light deadweight, short construction period, strong adaptability, beautiful appearance, low cost, easy maintenance, etc. Because light dead weight, but also reduce the cost of the foundation. Light steel structure abroad manufacturers such as & have spent Butler, BHP, ABC has entered the Chinese market, Chinese enterprises should catch up, create conditions actively develop our own light steel structure system, so as to adapt to the demand of the continuous development of the construction steel structure in our country in the future.


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