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钢结构吊装作业的安全管理对策

发布时间:2015-9-16 9:53:42 浏览次数:566
1、吊装作业时在吊装作业区应设置醒目的警戒线,并有专职的安全监督人员现场监督。

2、参与吊装作业的司索、指挥、起重驾驶人员都是特种作业人员应持有效证件上岗,并在作业前将名单报监理或总包单位审核。

3、所有进入施工现场的吊机应是经特种设备检验机构检验合格的设备,进场后应报监理或总包单位审核吊机资料。

4、在梁柱吊装时要确定合适的吊点。无论构件大小都要试吊一次,使构件离地200MM左右,检查各部位有无问题,在确保安全可靠的情况下正式吊装。

5、钢结构吊装需编制专项安全施工方案,方案应包括根据最重的钢构件的重量、长度等参数选择起吊及捆绑钢丝绳的规格;根据钢构重心合理设置吊点;吊机的选择,吊机选择应考虑起吊角度,吊臂外伸长度;吊机行走路线图;吊装施工作业先后步骤等。




1, lifting operations in hoisting operation areas shall set up eye-catching red line, and a full-time site supervision and safety supervision personnel.

2, participate in rope, lifting operations command, lifting the driving are special operations personnel shall hold a valid certification, and in front of the homework will list submitted to the audit supervision or the total package units.

3, all crane inside the construction site should be the qualified equipment, special equipment inspection institutions play after crane supervision or the total package units shall be submitted to the audit data.

4, when the beam hoisting to determine suitable lifting point. Regardless of the component size to try once, make component of about 200 mm from the ground, check whether there is any problem on each part, in the case of ensuring safe and reliable hoisting formally.

5, steel structure lifting need to prepare special safety construction scheme, scheme should be included according to the weight of the heaviest steel members, choice of parameters such as length of lifting and binding wire rope specifications; According to the steel structure of center of gravity setting up reasonable lifting point; The choice of the crane, crane selection should consider the lifting Angle, boom overhanging length; Crane walking map; Hoisting construction successively steps, etc.




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