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钢结构构件安装阶段的安全管理对策

发布时间:2015-9-16 9:58:42 浏览次数:565
1、纵横向钢梁上都应悬挂安全钢丝绳,悬挂高度1.2米,每隔3米架设1.2米钢管或角铁用于支撑安全绳,或采取花篮螺栓拉紧方式,防止因安全绳过长引起的安全失效。工人在钢梁上行走时,安全带必须悬挂在安全绳上。

2、钢柱就位未进行校正正式固定前,必须采用用螺栓、焊接或木塞对钢柱底部采取可靠的临时固定措施,上部用缆风绳固定。

3、钢柱、钢梁安装、檩条焊接、对接、螺栓紧固时为保证工人安全操作,可以视情况设置操作平台或设置作业专用的挂篮。挂篮挂于设在钢柱或主梁上翼板的构件上。操作人员将安全带挂在钢梁或安全绳上,挂篮挂拆方便、安全可靠,给钢柱梁对接安装、校正、焊接、超声波探伤等提供了安全保障。挂篮大小外形应利于安装施挂,并用圆钢制作严禁用螺纹钢制作,并能保证操作人员有足够活动操作空间。

4、为保证施工人员上下通行安全,在钢梁或钢柱上悬挂爬梯,爬梯上下两端必须固定牢固;为保障施工人员上下攀爬的安全,在爬梯外侧架设安全绳一道,施工人员佩戴带自锁装置的安全带。



1, vertical and horizontal hanging on to the steel beam should be safety rope, ride height 1.2 meters, steel or Angle iron pipe erection every 3 meters 1.2 meters used to support the safety rope, or flower basket bolt tensioning, prevent security failure caused by the safety rope is too long. Walked the workers in the steel girder, seat belts must be hanging in the security line.

2, steel column is in place before correcting officially fixed, must be used with bolts, welding or cork temporary fixed reliable measures taken at the bottom of the steel column, upper with cable wind rope.

3, steel column, steel beam, purlin installation when welding, butt, bolts in order to ensure the safety operation, workers can be set as the case operation platform or set a special hanging basket. Hanging basket hanging on in the steel column or girder wing components. Operators to hang your seat belt on steel or safety rope, hanging basket hanging demolition convenient, safe and reliable, to the steel beam and docking installation, calibration and welding, ultrasonic flaw detection provides the security, etc. Hanging basket size shape should be conducive to install hang, using round steel production are strictly forbidden to use rebar production, operation and can ensure that operators have enough activity space.

4, in order to ensure the safety of construction personnel traffic up and down on the steel girder or steel column hanging ladder, up and down the ladder at both ends must be fixed tightly; In order to guarantee the safety of the construction workers to climb up and down, mounted on the outside of the ladder safety rope, construction personnel to wear seat belts with self-locking device.



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