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合兴安徽钢结构浅谈轻钢结构节能住宅

发布时间:2015-12-23 10:05:46 浏览次数:775

加快钢结构住宅发展必须推动钢结构住宅系列产业化,推广集成式住宅。"集成式住宅"就是住宅建设的安装、生产摆脱了传统的水、灰砂、石,摆脱了手工劳动以及现场湿作业生产,由工厂生产住宅部件,在现场组装生产成品住宅。住宅部件是系列的、标准的,可在流水线上生产,而房屋则可以是多样的、丰富的和多档次的;完全可以按照住户的要求,由建筑商提供可选择的住宅类型,供住户选择。与传统的工业化住宅不同,部件的加工、运输、吊装均可轻便灵活,其标准化单元也可由大改小,空间单元组合的灵活性、机动性大大增加。由于隔墙的轻质化和可拆改化,居住空间大小可灵活布置,可以最大限度地满足住户对功能和设备的高品位的需求。
To speed up the development of steel structure, we must promote the development of the steel structure housing series industry, and promote integrated residential. Integrated housing is housing construction installation, production and get rid of the traditional water, sand, stone, get rid of the manual labor and wet operation production, produced by the factory house parts. On site assembly production finished house. Residential components are series, standard, can be produced in the production line, and the housing can be a variety of, rich and multi - grade; can be in accordance with the requirements of the tenants, the construction business to provide a choice of residential types, for tenants to choose. Different from the traditional industrialized housing, parts of the processing, transportation, lifting can be portable and flexible, the standard unit can also be greatly improved, space unit combination of flexibility, mobility greatly increased. Due to the change of the partition of light and detachable, living space size can be flexibly arranged, can maximize meet tenants on the function of equipment and the high grade demand.
在施工中,集成住宅的大空间无阻挡为布管提供了快捷便利的条件。厨房、卫生间是住宅中最为复杂、专业化程度最高的部件,最适于工厂化生产、集成式安装。它不但可以提高使用功能,降低造价,而且可以避免质量通病。除此之外,外墙的保温构造和内墙的部件也都应当采用整合式的、成套的技术。集成住宅部件的多品种、多数量决定集成化的安装和工厂化的制造必须按照标准化的原则进行。因此采用国际通用的"模数协调"原则和方法,是最必要的手段。模数协调的任务是制定生产各种住宅部件的规格尺寸,使各种住宅部件能准确无误地安装到指定的部件,并且不同企业生产的部件可以互换。其次,模数协调的原则能指导建筑师和工程师在自己设计的住宅工程中,保证选择的部件、设备能合理地安装在住宅工程中,但并不妨碍了工程师的创造力。由此可见,钢结构住宅将向设计模块化、构建标准化、施工机械化的方向发展。
In the construction, the integration of the large space of residential buildings without barrier to provide a quick and convenient conditions for the cloth tube. Kitchen, bathroom is the most complex of residential, the highest degree of the highest level of components, the most suitable for factory production, integrated installation. It can not only improve the use of functions, reduce the cost, but also to avoid the common quality problems. In addition, the insulation structure and interior walls of the components are integrated, should adopt a set of technology. Integrated residential components of the multi species, the majority of the decision to integrate the installation and factory manufacturing must be in accordance with the principles of standardization. So it is the most essential method to adopt the principle and method of the international common "modulus coordination". Modular coordination of the task is to develop the production of a variety of residential parts specifications, so that a variety of residential parts can be accurately installed to the designated parts, and the production of different parts of the enterprise can be interchangeable. Second, the principle of modular coordination can guide architects and engineers in their own design of residential projects, to ensure that the selection of components, equipment can reasonably be installed in residential projects, but does not hinder the engineer's creativity. Thus, the steel structure will be designed to design modular, standardized construction, construction mechanization of the direction of development.
工厂化装修为钢结构住宅的推广提供了强大的技术支持,钢结构住宅若用手工装修,其优势难以发挥,工业化生产的建筑主体与粗糙的手工装修根本无法配套;而且钢结构住宅内隔墙一般都采用轻质工业化生产的整体构件,难以实现手工装修。而工厂化生产的装修构件淘汰了从电锤打眼塞木锲直到补钉眼刷漆的全过程,各种轻型墙体都可直接与装饰构件紧密结合,且寿命大为延长,从而有效地解决了钢结构住宅的室内精装修工艺可行性问题。工厂化装修与钢结构住宅的设计生产一体化是必然趋势。
Decoration factory for the promotion of residential steel structure provides a strong technical support, steel structure residence if by hand decoration, the advantage is difficult to play, industrialized production of the main building and the rough hand decoration simply can not support; and the integral component of light industrial production is generally used on the interior wall of the steel structure housing, it is difficult to achieve manual decoration. And factory production of decoration elements eliminated the from the whole process of the electric hammer drill AVM wedge until patch eye brush paint, all kinds of light wall can be directly and decorative elements closely; and the service life is prolonged, so as to effectively solve the steel structure residential interior decoration process feasibility problem. Factory decoration and steel structure residential design and production integration is an inevitable trend.
我国住宅钢结构有着广阔的市场前景,而目前发展缓慢,既有建设主管部门宏观指导的问题,也因为不少设计、施工单位对这一新兴的产业持观望态度。全国的钢结构企业总量不少,企业家们热衷于一些公共建筑、厂房、仓库等建筑。其实住宅钢结构建筑 量大面广,市场潜力巨大,钢结构企业尽早投身这一领域,扩大市场份额,定会有所作为。
China's residential steel structure has a broad market prospects, and the current development is slow, both the construction of the competent department of macro guidance, but also because many design, construction units for this emerging industry to wait and see attitude. The country's steel structure of the total number of enterprises, entrepreneurs are keen on some public buildings, factories, warehouses and other buildings. In fact, a large amount of residential steel structure, the market has great potential, steel structure enterprises as soon as possible to join this field, expand market share, will make a difference.
近年来,国家大力提倡发展节能省地型住宅,不断提升住宅产品的科技含量。根据国内权威专家分析,中国的住宅产业在今后20年中,仍然处于快速增长期,并且中国住宅价格的25%将会来自科技含量的提升。钢结构住宅以其独特的抗震能力强、施工速度快、得房率高等优势契合了绿色环保住宅的要求。目前,我国钢材产量已居世界首位,而且国家也在逐步调整政策鼓励发展钢结构住宅,我国大力发展钢结构的条件已经成熟,正步入钢结构发展的黄金时期。钢结构住宅产业化的优势逐渐体现与发挥出来,这是一个朝阳产业与'绿色家园'工程。
In recent years, China has strongly advocated the development of energy-efficient type of housing, and constantly improve the technological content of residential products. According to domestic authoritative experts, China's housing industry in the next 20 years, is still in a rapid growth period, and 25% of China's housing prices will come from the scientific and technological content. Steel structure with its unique seismic capacity, construction speed, the higher the rate of housing, the higher the requirements of green residential housing. At present, China's steel production has been ranked first in the world, and the country is gradually adjusting policies to encourage the development of steel structure residential, China vigorously develop steel structure has matured, is entering the golden period of the development of steel structure. The advantages of steel structure housing industrialization gradually reflected and play out, this is a sunrise industry with 'green home' works.

 

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