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浅谈国外低层、多层建筑钢结构和轻钢结构

发布时间:2016-8-27 9:50:37 浏览次数:595

    美国金属修建的首要商场散布:工业(出产用厂房、库房及辅佐设备等)、商业(商场、旅馆、展览馆、医院、办公大楼等)、社区(私有及公有社区活动中心及修建如学校、体育馆、图书馆;、教堂等)、综合等方面,别离占到46%、31%、14%和9%的比例。

 

 

浅谈国外低层、多层建筑钢结构和轻钢结构

 


    在美国,低层修建中采用钢构造还是很遍及的。美国钢构造学会和金属房子制造协会联合编制了低层修建的规划攻略。所谓低层修建是指层高低于18m,层数不超越5层的工业厂房、库房、单位及其他的办公和社区修建等,其中两层以下的非居住用高楼修建占70%。

    轻钢修建在一些发达国家已被广泛应用于工厂、库房、体育馆、展览馆、超市等修建。所谓轻钢是指以彩钢板作为屋面和墙面,以薄壁型钢作檩条和圈梁,以焊接“H”;型截面做主与梁,现场用螺栓或焊接拼接的门式刚架为首要构造的一种修建,再配以零件、扣件、门窗等构成比较完善的修建系统,即轻钢构造系统。


这种系统由工厂制造,现场按请求组装构成。具有自重轻,建造周期短,适应性强,外表漂亮,造价低,易保护等特色。由于自重轻,也降低了根底的造价。国外轻钢构造厂商如 Butler、BHP、ABC等都现已进入了中国商场,中国公司应奋勇赶上,创造条件活跃开展中国自己的轻钢构造系统,以适应往后中国修建钢构造不断开展的请求。

 

First mall built by American metal dispersion: Industrial (production workshop, warehouse and auxiliary equipment, etc.), commercial (shopping malls, hotels, exhibition halls, hospitals, office buildings, etc.), community (private and public community activity center and building such as a school, a gymnasium, library;, churches, etc.), and other aspects of integrated, parting accounted for 46%, 31%, 14% and 9% the proportion of.


In the United States, the low layer building adopts steel structure is very common. The United States Institute of steel construction and metal manufacturing Association jointly developed a house built low level planning strategy. The so-called low storey building refers to the height of less than 18m, no more than 5 layers of industrial plants, warehouses, units and other office and community construction, of which two of the following non residential high-rise construction accounted for 70%.


Light steel construction in some developed countries has been widely used in factories, warehouses, stadiums, exhibition halls, supermarkets and other construction. So-called light steel refers to color steel plate as the roof and wall, thin-walled steel as purlins and girts and welding "H"; section call the shots and the beam, the scene by bolts or welding splicing of portal rigid frame as the main structure of a building, and then with to parts, fasteners, doors, windows, etc. constitute perfect construction system, light steel structure system.


This system is made by the factory, and is assembled by the request. With light weight, short construction period, strong adaptability, beautiful appearance, low cost, easy protection and so on. Due to light weight, but also reduce the cost of the foundation. Foreign light steel structure manufacturers such as butler, BHP, ABC is now in the Chinese market, Chinese companies should courageously to catch up, create conditions actively carry out China's own light steel structure system, in order to adapt to, in the future, China Construction steel continue to carry out the request.

 

 

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